Q&A

Miscellaneous topics (under continual construction)…

Family histories are riddled with myths and legends, nice seductive stories that persist and evolve generation to generation despite the lack of any real evidence. For example…

 

1: Are we descended from a Norman knight, Roger de Coignieres (Roger Le Convers)?

This theory is very enticing but it has little basis in fact. It seems to have first emerged in a book by William G. Hill in 1887, but was totally debunked even as early as 1904 (see: Robert J. Kurtz, 1998).

It is true that there was a noble family in northern England named Conyers, possibly descended from this knight, but in order to show this family is related to us, you need to trace, with supporting documents, every single generation down to Deacon Edward Convers (1588-1663) who is the first person in the Converse family that we are really sure about. This cannot be done – the trail peters out before Edward, as has been explained by a number of researchers (see: Kurtz, 1998 and references therein).

Instead, there is good evidence for a number of people named Converse in the county of Essex, near London in the 16th -17th centuries. The best candidate for the Edward Converse who emigrated to America is the Edward Converse baptised in Navistock, Essex in 1588, since his children had the same ages and first names as those of the Deacon Edward in New England. See Hal Whitmore’s report for details.

* According to Wikipedia, Coignières is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

Thus it is a myth that the Converses are descended from nobility or royalty. The Converses in Essex were yeomen, that is, they were working people. In New England, Edward Converse was referred to as ‘Goodman Converse’ in one document: he was not of the gentleman class. Interestingly, Kurtz points out that the “New England Historical and Genealogical Register, October, 1899, repudiates the descent claimed (by Hill 1887) for the immigrant Deacon Edward Convers, although in character and intelligence, he was the peer of the men supposed and claimed to have been his ancestors”.

Hal B. Whitmore (2015) has much more on this.

And you might also wish to take a look at: The Winthrop Fleet: Massachusetts Bay Company Immigrants to New England, 1629-1630 – Robert Charles Anderson (New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), p. 243

Although, as recently pointed out by Adam Rutherford, everyone is related to royalty…

“The last common ancestor of all people with longstanding European ancestries lived only 600 years ago, in 1400. This long lost ancestor appears on every family’s tree. If you hoped for a royal connection then you won’t be disappointed: as Rutherford explains, anyone alive today with a British ancestral lineage is almost certainly descended from Edward III, and all of his regal ancestors, including William the Conqueror…”

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2020/jan/30/how-to-argue-with-a-racist-adam-rutherford-review

“So the next time you hear someone claim to be descended from royalty, take heart: you are, too.” Scientific American – 5 October 2020

 

2: Was Deacon Edward Converse born in Wakerly?

Edward Converse plaque1

Epitaph – First Burial Ground, Woburn, MA

“Born Wakerly, County of Northampton, England, January 30, 1590
Landed: Salem, Mass. June 12, 1630 In Company of Governor Winthrop
Died: Woburn, Mass. August 10, 1663
Founder: City of Woburn, Mass. and First Church, Woburn.
Forefather of The Converse Family in America. Erected in his memory by his descendants The Converse Family In America – 1962″

No – this is incorrect: most reliable records suggest he was born in Navestock, Essex (England) abt. 1588. Some sources quote his birthplace as Stanford Rivers, Essex – but that is only about 4 miles away from Navestock. Essex Archives Ref. D/P 148/1/1: Edward, son of Allen Convers, baptized Navestock, St Thomas the Apostle, 23 March 1588 

 

3: More Q&A on Deacon Edward

We know quite a lot about Edward, the head of the first Converse family in America, but there are still some questions about his life in England as well as in New England. Read on here for a few possible answers…

 

4: “Convers” = “Conyers” ?

Some have suggested that the name “Convers” arose from a mis-reading/writing of “Conyers”, possibly by shortening the tail on the letter “y”, and seems to come from the book by R. Hill written in the late 19th century. However, it is now accepted in genealogical circles that the theory we are descended from the noble Conyers family is incorrect. Instead, it has been possible to trace our ancestors, called Convers (or sometimes Combers or Cumbers) back to the early 1500s.

 

5: Not the family tree

This is the (somewhat fanciful) family tree compiled by Eben Putnam (publisher)…

… as incorporated as an insert (p. 890, Vol. II) in some copies of The Converse Family and Allied Families by Charles Allen Converse. Click on the image for a larger picture, or click here for a PDF version. Note that significant links in this “tree” are missing and there is no evidence for “Le Convers of France”.